شناسه پست: 3561
بازدید: 12

📒📕📗The closer a foundation is to the ground surface, the more economical it will be to construct. There are two reasons, however, that may keep the designer from using very shallow foundations. First, it is necessary to locate the bottom of a footing below the ground freezing level to avoid vertical movement or heaving of the footing as the soil freezes and expands in volume. This depth varies from about 3 ft to 6 ft in the northern states and less in the southern states. Second, it is necessary to excavate a sufficient distance so that a satisfactory bearing material is reached, and this distance may on occasion be quite a few feet.

توجه شود که منظور از رعایت عمق یخبندان پی، قرار دادن زیر پی در عمقی است که خاک زیر آن یخ نزند. در مناطق سردسیر مثلا 100 سانتی متر می باشد. خاک زیر فونداسیون نباید یخ بزند زیرا منبسط شده و باعث حرکت قائم فونداسیون و یا بلند شدن آن می شود.